Saturday, April 9, 2016

Coquitlam Makes Good

 Transcribed article from the,
British Columbia Magazine Vol IVIII, No.11  November 1912   pages 823-825

 Coquitlam Making Good
By Max Enos

 NATURE first fashioned a plain, locating it on a broad, deep magnificent river—the Pitt—surrounding it with mountains, and scenic effects unparalleled. A railroad, the Canadian Pacific, traced its main line across the plain into Vancouver, seventeen miles away, and made of that city the largest and most prosperous in Western Canada. Eight miles away on the Fraser River, into which the Pitt flows, was New Westminster, a municipality throbbing with real Western energy and progressiveness.

Less than two years ago some of the shrewdest railway experts in the country decided upon this plain as the location of a railway terminal in which would be combined all of the experience of the past five decades of railway building. Following this decision approximately $1,000,000 has been spent by the C. P. R. to establish on this splendid location the first unit of the vast scheme evolved.

Following this move by the great transportation company in the world, industries have located there, buildings have been erected, houses have been constructed, roads have been built, the acres surrounding the railway holdings have been cleared and graded, and a city has been designed on broad, generous and far-sighted lines. That is COQUITLAM.
Less than two years ago a little hamlet called Westminster Junction marked the parting of the C. P. R. main line and the New Westminster branch. About this 

Building the great C.P.R. Terminals at Coquitlam ( Flickr Image )

 Typical scenes in busy Coquitlam  ( Flickr Image )
 (1) New block, corner Simpson and Broadway.  (2) Starting work on the Call Switch factory.  (3) Paving Simpson Street.  (4) Scene in Shaughnessy Division. (5) Building Dewdney Trunk Road. (6) Pitt River Road. 

 wooden station-house sprang up the typical Western community. This small cluster of houses looked out upon the broad, welcoming plain, the only one offering any inducements to the great railway builders of Canada. The dreamers dreamed and the prophets told of the future, but the Canadian Pacific experts acted on the wisest counsels and with the best brains money can buy. They said, “This will be the greatest railway terminal in Canada— yes, it will rival any on the continent,” and on this plan they have proceeded.

On December 15 about two hundred and fifty employees of the C. P. R. will be moved to Coquitlam, there to operate what the railwaymen are pleased to state is but the first unit, which consists of twenty miles of yards, a round house, car repair and construction shops, machine shops, coaling stations, and the latest and most improved of railway terminal equipment.

These men are but forerunners of the employees to come. They are to operate only this first unit, which is to he expanded as rapidly as time, money and labor will permit. When the terminals are completed there will he thousands of railway employees placed on the ground to manipulate the immense facilities provided.
Looking to the future, the Canadian Pacific is now extending a long industrial spur track to the property of the Coquitlam Terminal Company, where have been located industrial sites suitable for any industry that wishes location near big markets, on a large transcontinental railway line and with adequate deep-water facilities.
Already there are reservations made for a long list of industries. Another large group of manufacturers are busy building their machine shops, their warehouses and their plants. Others are now in operation. 

Vancouver is the logical solution to the wheat congestion of the eastern Canadian cities—it is the only port in Canada of any size which is open twelve months of the year. All of the other ports, with the exception of Prince Rupert, which has as yet no transcontinental railway connection, are frozen up during the winter. The elevators are filled to the brim and storage space for the fruits of the bountiful prairies is at a high premium. Wheat and grains of all kinds can flow through Vancouver to the markets of the world during the entire year. But in the city of Vancouver waterfrontage and dock facilities are not available in sizes sufficient for handling this tremendous business.
Coquitlam solves Vancouver’s congestion.

The new Coquitlam mental hospital  ( Flickr Image )

With deep water, immense railway terminals connecting with all of the cities and territory of the greatest railway line in the country, it offers unparalleled opportunity for grain elevators and other facilities for the handling of the prairie products. Coquitlam has been investigated by the C. P. R. as a location for the grain elevators which that company intends to build. Elevators in themselves do not bring such large numbers of employees, but they are conducive to the establishment nearby of other industries such as flour mills, cooper shops, bag manufacturing works and others of kindred sort.

A shipbuilding plant has been located on the banks of the Pitt River on one of the large industrial sites of the Coquitlam Terminal Company. The first keel will be laid by the middle of November. The company is incorporated at half a million dollars and has as much more money to use when the time comes. Other industries besides the shipbuilding plant and the C. P. R. terminals located at Coquitlam are: Vancouver-Prince Rupert Meat Packing Co., B. C. Electric Power House, Fraser River Mills, Dominion Match Co., B. C. Paper & Pulp Mills, McKay, Brown Lumber Co., Crabb Lumber Co., Lamont Shingle Mills, Call Switch Co., Coquitlam Shipbuilding & Marine Railway Co., J. A. Dewar gravel pits, and the Western Canada Power Co., Ltd.

The C. P. R. is building a $2,000,000 double-track railway bridge across the Pitt River and has double-tracked the distance between Coquitlam and Vancouver, preparatory to the doing of an immense business. The provincial government of British Columbia will within the next few weeks begin construction on an electric railway and vehicular bridge to cross the Pitt a few rods north of the C. P. R. structure.

The old village of New Westminster junction is being absorbed in the new city, which will soon be incorporated under the name of Port Coquitlam. The new Port Coquitlam station, which is to cost about $30,000, is about 3,000 feet east of the old station, while the new business district is to be located in the centre of First Division.

With the development of the C. P. R. Western terminals, the establishment of industries and the building up of the district comes a general influx of minor industries which are locating close to the C. P. R. holdings. All of these are to be provided by the Coquitlam Terminal Company with track and yard facilities to be found on no other industrial sites near Vancouver. Another important factor in the consideration of Coquitlam is that workingmen can secure sites for homes at prices very much cheaper than in Vancouver By the same token sites for industries can be secured cheaper at Coquitlam and with much bigger, broader and better facilities than at Vancouver.

Coquitlam is, as one railway man declared, “to be the distributing point of Western Canada. It will form the working portion of Greater Vancouver. There will be located the industries, the life, the pulse of the Canadian Pacific coast. 

 In the same issue an advertisement for the Coquitlam Terminal Company, this company operated for at least five years, and extensivley  promoted themselves. I have an extensive collection of information about this company.

Sunday, January 17, 2016

The Enderby’s

    Another posting in the ongoing saga of attempting to identify the various people in the Coquitlam Dam scrapbook, that the Coquitlam Archives owns.

Page 3    Photo 1: First Bridge ?, Mr. Enderby?, Mr. Carson?, George Wilson, Mr. Bester?
   [  Enderby, far right, seated ]

Page 8  1912     Photo 2:  The bob sled with Mr. Pike, Mr. Enderby?,
George Wilson, and some of the boys.
[ Mr. Enderby is the fellow with the black wide-brimmed hat ]
Page 9      Photo 2:  The sled arriving around the corner, Mr. Enderby? steering 

Page 23      Photo 1: Picnic June 15th, 1913 Mr. Pike, Hal, Mr. Enderby? and Girlie
[ Enderby far right ]  
Page 24    1913        Photo 1: Mr. Enderby? and myself    

Page 25    Photo 1:  Mr. Enderby? and I
      The Enderby  mentioned must be either of two brothers,  Alfred George Enderby ( Alfred George Ranger Enderby ) or Tom Ranger Enderby. Tom was already married by 1913, and the Enderby in these photos is not wearing a ring, although the lady AKA “I” who created the album is wearing a ring; so a good guess would be that the photos are of Alfred George Enderby.

 Alfred George Enderby 476838 Gunner. 1st Battery Reserve Brigade. Contractor. b.12 December 1889 Leicester, England. Signed his  attestation papers on the 16th of January 1916 at Vancouver, B.C.  Sadly he did not last long, he was only in the action for seven days and was killed in action on the 18th of October 1917, in the vicinity of Zonnebeke, Belgium, at the time he was assigned to the 3rd Brigade, Canadian field Artillery. Death Record and his online Memorial at another online Memorial a message “ My mothers brother who I never knew “ Ruth Allen

His father George Thomas Enderby (1855 ― ? ) was already dead by 1916,
but his mother, Ellen Jane Ranger ( 1860 ― ? ) was living at 61 Regent Road, Leicester.
The parents were married on the 20th of March 1881 at St. Philip's, Sheffield, York, England.
His father is Thomas Enderby, and her father is Thomas Edward Ranger.

The other son was Tom Ranger Enderby, he was married in September 1912 at Vancouver to Ethel Marie Adams, both were working as clerks for the BCER at the time.

The Winnipeg Tribune on the 3rd of September 1929  gave a short biography of T.R. Enderby.

       Tom Ranger Enderby manages Canada Steamship Lines from Montreal.  T. R. Enderby was trained as an engineer at the School of Technology and Engineering, Manchester. At the age of 21 he came to Canada. After two years in Toronto with the Canada Foundry Company and in executive work with the old general hospital he went to British Columbia where he worked on ships engaged in the coastal trade.
      For seven years Mr. Enderby was assistant purchasing agent for the British Columbia Electric Railway Company.
        For two years he was assistant treasurer of the Canada West Coast Navigation Company and in 1916 became attached to the Cameron Genoa Mills Shipbuilders, Ltd., of Victoria, later with the Imperial Munition  Board's construction program of steel and  wooden ships.  On the 12th of June1918  his wife Ethel Marie Enderby christened the War Skeena at the Cameron-Genoa yards, he was secretary-treasurer at this time; the yard built  a total of four war ships:   War Yukon  ―  War Haida  ―   War Stikine
     Late in 1918, Mr. Enderby became associated with the Montreal Transportation Company as secretary-treasurer. From 1919 to 1920 he was managing director of that company and upon its absorption by Canada Steamship Lines in 1920, Mr. Enderby joined the latter staff as operating manager. Until 1924 he remained in this office. In this year Mr. Enderby was appointed general manager of the reorganized Canada Steamship Lines. On April 22, 1929, at the annual meeting of the company, Mr, Enderby was elected to the board of directors.

T.R. Enderby was the Master Mason in 1932 and 1933 of St. Paul’s Lodge, No. 374 —United Grand Lodge of England, Montreal, Quebec.

    Tom was involved in shipping grain, and a ship owner, primarily in the Great Lakes, East Coast area. The Canada Steamship Lines, was a large organization, involved in shipping and tourism, the company owned and built many resorts, and decorated the ships and resorts with large collections of art works which may be part of the connection to the donor of the Coquitlam Dam scrapbook.

1891 census: Leicestershire, Aylestone, St. James, Aylestone Park,  Blaby, Cavendish road.
George T Enderby     Norfolk  (est 1855
Ellen J Enderby        Hampshire (est 1862
Ethel R Enderby          Yorkshire  (est 1882
Nora Enderby          Leicestershire  (est 1884
Tom R Enderby         Leicesterhsire  (est 1886
Hilda R Enderby          Leicestershire  (est 1887
Alfred G Enderby        Aylestone, Leicestershire  (est 1890
Annie Abell          servant   Nottinghamshire  (est 1873

Plaque at Mountain View cemetery, Vancouver, B.C.

George Ranger Enderby  Apr 4, 1914 ―  Nov 6, 1917
Alfred George Ranger Enderby
Killed In Action France
  October 18, 1917
Tom Ranger Enderby Oct 16, 1885 ―  May 29, 1939
Ethel Marie Enderby  Oct 8, 1885 ―  Aug 29, 1959
George Ranger [ Jones/*/0/15/3]  Tom and Ethel  [ Jones/*/0/15/1 cremains? ]

Their child George Ranger Enderby died of acute nephritis; the parents were living at, 2026 MacDonald Street, Vancouver at this time.

 Tom Ranger Enderby   16 October 1885 Blaby, Leicester ―  29 May 1939 ?

Mrs. Ethel Marie Enderby
Ethel Marie Enderby is also listed in Mount Royal cemetery, Montreal. A note says maybe Hawthorne-Dale cemetery (d. 29 August 1959, which conflicts with the marker at Mountain View Cemetery 29 September 1959 )
Ethel Marie Adams, b. Omagh,  Ireland  her parents Robert Adams ( 1859 ― ) and Elizabeth Ellen Osborough ( 1866 ― 1937 )
Witnesses of the marriage: Alfred George Enderby and Amy Elizabeth Adams nee Amy Elizabeth Osborough  ( 1890 ― 1971 ) her brother Ernest Hall Adams ( 1887 ― 1971 ) was  Vice-president and comptroller of the BCER
 Ernest Hall Adams  ca 1940 

E.H. Adams in the middle 1913?
Group of men assembled in front of interurban railway cars decorated for
opening of Saanich Interurban Railway.  [ Heavily cropped image ]    A08267

Just in case you are wondering what happened to the Canada Steamship Line…

The former deck-hand who bought the company

When Paul Martin finally claims the prime minister's office some time in the new year, perhaps sooner, Canada will have its first true corporate titan at the head of government.

Henry William Crawley

      This post is part of my ongoing research into identifying some of the people in the images contained in the Coquitlam Dam album, which is part of the Coquitlam Archives collection. In this post I am focusing on the Crawley family, from Nova Scotia.
Page 8   ca.1912  Photo 1: Arthur Crawley standing on the road, Mr.? on the ground.
[ Appears to be Arthur standing on the far left ]
The 1911 census captured Arthur in the Yale area, where he was doing railway survey work.

Arthur Richard Crawley 54th Battalion   103039 attestation: 4 October 1915 Victoria, B.C. Surveyor. Home: 2250 - 42 Ave. South Vancouver. served in France, where he did field entrenching as a surveyor. He was afflicted with the dreaded influenza near the end of the war, and was demobilized 13 June 1919, after which he got off the train at Revelstoke, and made his way to Trail, B.C., where his sister Irene Alice Crawley, was living.
     Later he appears to have moved back to Cape Breton; then sometime after the death of his parents moved back to B.C. Arthur moved from Vancouver to Selma Park near Sechelt in 1964, to live with his sister Mrs. Lewis Campbell.
Arthur Richard Crawley 11 November 1891 Sydney, N.S. ―  9 June1975 Sechelt. of pneumonia.  
1971Nov10-Award-for Arthurand Sister

Peninsula Times  10 November 1971
receiving Pioneer medals

1975 June 8  Arthur Richard Crawley - Obituary
Page 23  Photo 1: Picnic June 15th, 1913 Mr. Pike, Hal, Mr. Enderby? and Girlie.
Photo 2: Girlie, Hal and myself
Page 24     ca.1913  Photo 2: Girlie Crawley
I have a strong suspicion that Girlie Crawley is, Emily Frances Gesner Huntingdon Crawley, she was married on the 13th of December 1913 at Nanaimo to “Lewis CampbellAlexander Hugh Lewis Taylor Campbell,( 1878 ― 1951 ) dental surgeon, both were living at Coquitlam at the time of the marriage, and their home at the time of Lewis's death was 3691 Point Grey Road.

Emily Frances Gesner Huntington Campbell 11 April 1893 N.S. ― 4 December 1972 Sechelt.

page 25  Photo 2: Hal Crawley

Hal is a nickname for Henry, so this fellow is probably Henry William Crawley, junior. He shows up in the1910,1911 Vancouver directories, living as a student in rooms at 678 Homer Street; and the 1913 directory has him down as a checker for the Vancouver Power Company; and the 1914 directory states that he was a caretaker at the Coquitlam Dam, along with his father.

 Henry William Crawley  7 August 1888 Westmount, Cape Breton, N.S. ― 27 December1940 Huntington, C.B.  Was single and a farmer. Primary cause of his death was heart failure; and secondary was a prolonged suffering from injury to spine, for 45 years. He also had T.B. He had been living on his farm for 12 years.
Page 22   Photo 1: Picnic June 1st, 1913

The fellow on the far left, is one of two possibles:
Alfred George Ranger Enderby ( 1889 ― 1917 ) or
Tom Ranger Enderby ( 1885 ― 1939 )
[ I will do a separate page about these two fellows.]

The Second and Third people in from the left are unidentified.

I  would guess that the three girls are all of the Crawley clan, the ages fit well.

The fellow in the dark shirt, bears a strong resemblance to Hal Crawley who is to the right, and I am assuming that he is the father Henry William Crawley.

1911 census  ( Automated Geneology )  page 11  Coquitlam Dam:  H.W. Crawley  Material agent,  immigrated in 1876

Henry William Crawley 28 August 1863 Bassein,Burmah  ―  5 March 1945 Huntington, Cape Breton, N.S. accountant.
  His parents:   Arthur R.R. Crawley ( 1831 ― 1876 )  Baptist missionary and Laura Johnston ( 1827 ― 1909 )

H.W. Crawley was married on the 2nd of March 1887 at Grand Mira, N.S.  to

Frances Emily Crawley 13 July 1867 Hillside, Mira, Cape Breton - 13 July 1948 Sydney, N.S. her parents:  Caleb Adolphus Huntington ( 1833 – 1916 ) and Emily Frances Gesner ( 1837 – 1906 )

H.W. Crawley lived at  46 Dolbin Street, Sydney, Nova Scotia , for many years.
1901 Census: City of Sydney
1911 Census  ( Automated Geneaology ) Sydney N.S., Captures the Crawley family, even though at least three were in B.C.

Henry William Crawley  1865 ― 1945   Clerk at a lumber co. he b. Burma, the rest of the family N.S.
Frances Emily Huntington  1867 ― 1948
Henry William Crawley, jr     1888 ― 1940
Arthur Richard Crawley          1891 ― 1975
Emily Frances Gesner Huntington Crawley 1893 ― 1972
Irene Alice Crawley ( 1902 – 1991 ) married to Edgar Ronald Huntington ( 1894 ― 1968 )
Augusta Hill Crawley 14 June 1904  Sydney N.S. ― ? .   In 1927 at Sydney,N.S.  she was married to John Wilfred Sheriff; and later she was married to Guy Watts ( 1902 ― 1990 ) 

The family is covered fairly well by extensive geneaology sources
covers the Crawley immediate family and the Huntingtons 

    And this diary, where I have transcribed the various references to the Crawley family below. Melvin must have been related to Frances Emily Crawley neĆ© Huntington.

Louisbourg Collection ~ Melvin S. Huntington

July 1928  Wednesday 11
Partly clear and comfortable. Warm with moderate south west wind.
A party consisting of Mrs. H.W. Crawley, Hal Crawley, Miss Elinor Huntington, Mrs. Sheriff, Senior, Mrs. Sheriff, Junior and Baby arrived by automobile from Huntington, Grand Mira at 12 o‟clock noon and visited various points of historic interest during the afternoon.
They had dinner and tea with us and I accompanied them to “Old Town” where they were much interested in the ruined fortifications. The party left for home at about 5 p.m. with the exception of Mrs. Sheriff, Senior who remains here to visit her son, who is acting station agent at this place.

September 1928  Saturday 29
Clear and cool with fresh west to north west wind.
A party consisting of Mrs. H.W. Crawley, Mr. Hal Crawley, Mrs. Sheriff and Baby arrived shortly before noon from Grand Mira and had dinner and spent the afternoon with us. They returned by auto at about 4 p.m.
JULY 1933  Monday 24
Salmon River
Heavy rain in the early morning. Cloudy and warm during the forenoon, clearing in the late afternoon. Light southwest wind. Max temperature about 76.
In the forenoon with Heber, I motored to Phil Gibbon‟s and Arthur Crawley‟s where we made short calls. We returned home at about noon.
MAY 1935  Friday 10
Salmon River, N.S.
Clear and moderately warm, becoming cool in the afternoon and cloudy in the evening. Light rainfall during the night. Max temperature about 60.
The funeral of my mother took place in the afternoon and was largely attended by relatives, friends and neighbors of the surrounding country as well as a number from more distant parts. The funeral service began at the house at 2 P.M. and was conducted by Rev. [blank] MacIvor of the United Church, Marion Bridge. Hymns sung during the service were: “O God our help in ages past”, “Son of my Soul Thou Savior dear” and “Abide with me”. The Pallbearers were: Arthur Crawley, Angus MacKeigan, Donald MacKinnon, Sylvester MacDonald, Dan P. MacKeigan and John MacInnis. Interment took place at the “Birches”.
JULY 1935  Sunday 21
Salmon River
Clear and warm with variable winds, mostly southwest. Max temperature about 80.
In the afternoon Heber and I visited at the homes of H.W. Crawley and Philip Gibbons, returning at about 6 P.M.

JULY 1948  Tuesday 13 Death of Mrs. H.W. Crawley
The death of Mrs. H.W. Crawley occurred at the City Hospital, Sydney, today. Mrs. Crawley who was in the 82nd year of her age, is survived by three daughters and one son. The daughters are: Mrs. Guy Watts, (Augusta Hill) Huntington, N.S. Mrs. E.R. Huntington (Trent) Sydney N.S. and Mrs. Lewis Campbell, [blank] Vancouver B.C. The son, Arthur, with whom she lived, at Huntington, N.S. She was the former Frances Huntington, daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. Caleb Huntington, and was known in her girlhood days as “Kitten”.

JULY 1948  Thursday 15 In the evening assisted in digging the grave for the remains of the late Mrs. Henry W. Crawley, in the Backlanding cemetery.

JULY 1948  Friday 16 Funeral
At 2:30 P.M. attended the funeral of the late Mrs. Henry W. Crawley. The remains was brought from Fillmore’s Funeral Parlors, Sydney, by hearse and taken to the Baptist Church, at about 2 P.M. where the service was a half hour later. Conducted by Rev. Frederick Bone, pastor of the Huntington, Mira Gut and Holmeville Baptist Churches, assisted by Rev. J.A. MacLellan of the United Church at Marion Bridge, N.S.
The pall bearers were: Capt. E.R. Huntington and Fred. Crawley, both of Sydney, N.S., Clifford C. Huntington, N.S. and Fred. A. Huntington of Marion Bridge, N.S. Burial took place in Baptist cemetery at the “Back Landing”.
After the funeral I returned to Clifford’s where I had supper. Other guests present were: Mrs. Dunham and Mrs. Ferguson, Holmeville, Rev. Frederick Bone, and Charles Huntington, Mira Gut, Fred. Crawley, Sydney, Mr. and Mrs. Harvey Hussey and two children, Marion Bridge. After supper I motored to Sydney with Fred Crawley, arriving at six o’clock. Enroute we picked up Henry Gibbons at Marion Bridge. While waiting for the bus for Louisbourg, I visited Mr. and Mrs. Hedley Hopkins, at their new home, in which they have recently moved, 41 Central Street. Left for Louisbourg on “Highland Lines” bus at 8:30 P.M. Arrived at about 9:45 P.M.

Monday, January 11, 2016


So I come across this:  Coquitlam Dam scrapbook   
Which contains a few really nice images; I have been slowly attempting to figure out who is who in the images, and also where the photos were taken.

Page 4  contains two images; Photo 1: (Not shown) First bridge, 4 men on bridge deck.
Photo 2: (shown here below)  C.H. Stuart Wade is standing on the the far left

Page 3
Photo 1: (Not shown)  First Bridge ?, Mr. Enderby?, Mr. Carson?, George Wilson, Mr. Bester?
Caption, Photo 2: (shown below)
Same bridge with Mr. Wade, Mr. Bester?, Mr. Carson?, George Wilson
[ C.H. Stuart Wade is wearing white shirt, standing second from right. ]
This bridge was built for the British Columbia Electric Company, B.C.E.R. it crossed the Coquitlam River, just below Or Creek, in the past known as Gold Creek. It was probably destroyed in the 1921 flood. The tracks went from a wharf in Port Moody to Coquitlam Lake.
Page 518 to 521  of the: British Columbia from the earliest times to the present; Biographical  ( 1914) Vol 3.   tells us a little about Mr. Wade..

Of English birth, C. H. Stuart Wade has become an important factor in the development of the Canadian northwest. He is now secretary of the Board of Trade and also the city publicity commissioner of New Westminster. His labors, too, have been felt in scientific circles and in support of fraternal interests and in fact his aid has been generously given where the welfare of the country rendered it necessary. He was born in Macclesfield, Cheshire, England, January 5, 1858, his father being Thomas Wade, L. R. C. P., M. S. A., the head master of Stonehouse Scholastic Institute and a descendant of one of the oldest British families. C. H. S. Wade was educated in the Plymouth Collegiate School and at Kings College and received his commission as a lieutenant but resigned to enter the civil service. He held many important positions in that connection.

        He was decorated by the late Lord Salisbury for special services. In 1897 he came to Canada and was special correspondent in the farthest north during the Klondyke rush for the Winnipeg Free Press in the then unknown wilds of Athabasca and the Peace River district. In Edmonton he was known principally through his work as a magistrate, having conducted most of the criminal cases there for several years. Among the most important of the murder trials he sat upon were the famous Lesser Slave Lake (King trial) and the Red Deer cases,
both lasting over ten days.

     Mr. Wade's scientific work has been acknowledged by fellowship in the British Society of Arts & Sciences, in the Royal Horticultural Society, the Royal Geographical, Historical and other Canadian societies. He is an able and prolific writer and makes frequent contributions to the press throughout Canada as well as in England.

      Mr. Wade came to the Northwest Territories in 1897 and after spending over three years in exploring the Peace, Mackenzie and Athabasca river districts located in Edmonton, where he became magistrate and publicity commissioner of northern Alberta. In the latter connection he did important work to exploit the interests of the district and make known its resources and possibilities. Prominence came to him in other connections, for he was made grand registrar of Masons for Alberta. In 1908 he came to British Columbia and subsequently was appointed secretary of the Board of Trade and city publicity commissioner of New Westminster, in which public positions he still continues. His efforts in this connection are proving resultant. He has instituted many new methods for work of this character and is constantly formulating new plans which result beneficially in making known to the world the opportunities here to be enjoyed and the resources which nature has stored up in this section of the country for those who care to utilize them. His advice is freely placed at the disposal of all investigators regarding British Columbia's resources.

        Mr. Wade was married to Miss Elizabeth Agnes Phillips, of London, England, and they have become parents of three sons and three daughters: Charles Edmund Wade, who is now in the land registry office of New Westminster; Harold George Wade, of Coquitlam; Herbert Alfred Wade, assistant superintendent of education in Honolulu; Minnie Beatrice Wade, the wife of William Fraser, of Kelowna, British Columbia; Kate Frances Wade, the wife of D. G. Crozier, of Armstrong, British
Columbia; and Lillian Ernestine Wade,(1884-1918) at home.

       Mr. Wade among other honors, possesses one recently bestowed, as fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute. His present Masonic connections are with Lewis Lodge, No. 57, A. F. & A. M.; Westminster Chapter, No. 124, R. A. M.; Westminster Preceptory, No. 56, K. T. ; and Al Azhar Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S,. of Calgary. He was one of the founders of Lewis Lodge in New Westminster, and is an honorary life member of Jasper Lodge at Edmonton. He was also one of the organizers of the Royal Cariboo Order and is deputy supreme chief pioneer of the Cariboo Brotherhood. He has not only been a witness of the changes which have occurred in the northwest since pioneer times but also an active participant in the work of development and progress. What he has accomplished can scarcely be measured, but it is well known that his influence has been a far-reaching one and that his labors have been productive of practical and beneficial results. He is numbered among those men whose prescience enables them to understand much of what the future has in store for this growing western country and, laboring according to the dictates of his faith and judgment, he has accomplished much.

Group of men standing on the deck of the "S.S. Princess Royal" to Victoria 17 July 1912 Citizens Picnic.Pictured are C.A. Sutherland (former Columbian reporter, advertising manager of People's Trust), office man at T.J. Trapp's or J.W.A. Cunningham's (name not remembered by donor), Captain of Princess Royal, Harris Turner (Daily News reporter, blinded in WWI), T.K. Caine (butcher), P.W. Luce (ex news editor Daily News), C.H. Stuart Wade (Publicity Commissioner)
IHP1556    C.H. Stuart Wade is third from the right.

SS. "Princess Royal" conveying troops to camp
1912 photo: Stuart Thomson (1881-1960)  A16172

S.S. Princess Royal, docked at C.P.R. wharf; 1911?
photo:  Richard Broadbridge  A07906
Chilliwack Progress  19 March 1931  Obituary
C.H.Stuart WadeA man once prominent in the public life of New Westminster died Friday (15 March 1931) morning in Los Angeles, in the person of C.H. Stuart Wade, who was publicity commissioner for the Royal City in the boom days Charles Henry Stuart Wade was born at Macclesfield, Cheshire, England, In 1855. In 1898, after twenty years service as an official of the London general post office, he retired on pension, on account of ill health, and came to Canada.

       Locating at Edmonton, he engaged In exploration work in the McKenzie River basin. He was at that time a correspondent of the London Daily Telegraph and was writing for several Canadian newspapers. His explorations earned him a fellowship in the Royal Geographical Society. He was also a Fellow of the Royal Horticultural Society.

       At Edmonton Mr. Wade was appointed magistrate and industrial commissioner. He came to the Pacific coast In 1907, and was appointed secretary of the New Westminster board of trade and later, publicity commissioner. In 1920 he went south, again in search of health.

      Mrs. Wade(a) died at Chilliwack three years ago. Mr. Wade is survived by three Sons and two daughters, Charles E. Wade, San Francisco; Herbert A. Wade, Hawaii; Harold George Wade,( 1879 – 1953 ) New Westminster; Mrs. Minnie Beatrice Fraser( 1880 - 1968 ), Chilliwack; Mrs. Kate Frances Crozier ( 1887 – 1968 ), Armstrong,B.C.

Mr. Wade was prominent in Masonic circles. He founded Jasper lodge at Edmonton, was grand registrar of the Alberta grand lodge, and was a life member of Lewis lodge, New Westminster, of which he was one of the founders.
(a)  Elizabeth Agnes Phillips Wade ( 1851 – 1927 ) Lived for eight years with her daughter Minnie Beatrice Fraser, in Chilliwack, while her husband lived in Los Angeles;  Elizabeth had been an  invalid for 26 years. Buried in the Family plot at St. Mary’s, Sapperton.

Sunday, December 20, 2015

Bureaucracy meets fencing

Found this gem in an old newspaper; I would not be surprised to see something similar today, but probably contained within a three inch thick binder dealing with the same subject.  A quick search of the City Archives  revealed this from 2013   BYLAW NO. 4419, 2013   A Bylaw to amend the “City of Coquitlam Zoning Bylaw No.3000, 1996”, and amending Bylaws.

1893 December 2   The Pacific Canadian (New Westminster)


To define what shall be deemed a lawful fence within the boundaries of the District.
The Reeve and Council of the District of Coquitlam In Council assembled enacts as follows:

(1)     A wire fence to constitute a legal fence must have a top rail and three wires. The top rail must riot be less than three inches in diameter at the small end, and either spiked with six-Inch spikes, or one inch thick trunnels,  or the top rail may be composed of 1x6 Inch boards securely nailed to side of posts within two inches of top of posts. The posts must not be less than four inches in diameter at the small end, and be sunk not less than two and one half feet into the ground. The fence to be not less than four feet nine inches from the ground to the top of the top rail. The posts to be not over ten feet apart, the first wire to be one foot from the ground, the second two feet from the ground, and the third wire half-way between the second wire, and the top rail.

(2)    For a board fence the posts shall be four feet nine inches long from the surface of the ground, and sunk two and one-half feet in the ground, and to be not more than ten feet apart; the boards to be securely nailed to the face of the posts, with not less than 8 penny nails; the boards to be what is termed in mills as Inch lumber, not less than six Inches wide, and distribution of boards to conform with the Prov. Statutes regarding fences. The posts to be not less than four inches diameter.

(3)    For a picket fence the posts shall be four feet high above the ground, sunk two and one-half feet into the ground, and not more than ten feet apart. The pickets must not be less than three-quarters of an Inch thick, and four feet nine Inches long from the ground, and to be either sunk six Inches into the ground or securely nailed to two rails, one rail on top of post, and the other one foot front ground.

(4)    A picket fence without posts shall consist of pickets of not less than three inches In diameter at the small end, and sunk Into the ground not less than two feet, and not more than three inches apart, and to stand four feet nine Inches from the surface of the ground, and 1x3 or 1x6 inch boards nailed within six inches of the top of pickets with not less than 8 penny nails.

(5)    All snake or crooked fences to be deemed a lawful fence shall be six rails (not less than four inches at small end), high and the rails are not to be over six Inches apart staked and ridered, either centre staked or corner staked, and the stakes are not to be less than two inches in diameter at the top end, and driven or sunk In the ground not less than nine inches. The rider must not be less than three inches in diameter at the top end, and not more than twenty inches from top rail, the worm to be laid for twelve foot rails must not be over sixteen feet from first corner to second corner.

(6)    A double post fence straight must be made with posts not less than four feet nine high, and sunk in the ground two feet six inches and securely fastened at top of posts either with slats nailed across or tied with wire, and the rails are not to be more than six inches apart, and four feet nine inches high from ground to top of rail.

(7)    Chock and log fences shall be of the same dimensions as snake fences only without stakes and rider; but the top log must be securely spiked or trunneled with not less than inch thick trunnels.

This By-Law shall take effect on the first day of January, 1894.
This By-Law may be cited as the Coquitlam Fence By-Law, 1893.
Reconsidered and finally passed and the seal of the Corporation attached this [L.S.] Eleventh day of November, 1893,
R. D. IRVINE,     R. B. KELLY,
C. M. C.              Reeve.


The above Is a true copy of a By-Law passed by the Municipal Council of the District of Coquitlam on the 11th day of Nov., A.D., 1893, and all persons are hereby required to take notice that anyone desirous of applying to have such By-Law or any part thereof quashed, must make his application for that purpose to the Supreme Court within one month next after the publication of this By-Law In the British Columbia Gazette, or he will be too late to be heard in that behalf,


Thursday, May 7, 2015

McAllister Avenue

       McAllister Avenue, in present day downtown Port Coquitlam is named after
Robert Howard McAllister, who was born on the 1st of October 1883 at Ethel, Ontario.  And he died at the age of 35 on the 18th of October 1918, at home in Vancouver at 1616 Nelson Street, which was the home of a relative: John Elliott ( 1887 - ? ) who was also a real estate agent; who married in 1909 Ethel May Fraser

       Robert according to his and his fathers death certificates had lived in New Westminster since 1908.  He was apparently married, but I could not find his widow in the records. Cause of his death was the dreaded Spanish influenza, with the usual complication of pneumonia.  He was buying and selling real estate in the area, and one of the perks of doing so is that the principals involved can put any name that they want onto their legal subdivision plans.  At the time of his death Robert was working for the Imperial Munitions Board   
Robert is buried in Fraser cemetery in New Westminster, with his father Hugh Fraser McAllister, 1858 1947 and his sister Annie Wilhelmina McAllister
         Roberts entire family was born in Ontario, the McAllister family were settled in the Grey Township, Huron East area,  Hugh is listed as a storekeeper and merchant, in Ontario, and when the family settled in New Westminster in 1908 he was a log and lumber broker for a short period of time before he retired. Robert also was involved in the business; but he was also involved in  selling and buying land, some of which he bought from an early area pioneer, Edmund Arthur Atkins ( 1843 1924 ), whom I will write about soon.

Various census returns for his parents, siblings:

1891 Census: Ontario, Huron East, Grey Township  ( page one )
1901 Census: Ontario, Huron East, Grey Township   ( pages one and two )
1911 Census: New Westminster  815 - Forth Avenue ( pages one and two )

Robert’s mother, Wilhelmina McAllister  ( 1860 ? )

Brothers and sisters of Robert Howard McAllister
Carl Elliott McAllister  ( 1885 1972 )
Eva May McAllister  "Smith"   ( 1887 1983 )
                                                married in 1912  Roscoe Wallace Smith
Mary Olive McAllister "Ellis"  ( 1888 ? )
                                             married in 1915 to  Charles Moody Ellis
Thomas William McAllister  ( 1890 ? ) served in the C.E.F.  2638890
Grace Jane McAllister  "Banford" ( 1893 ? )
                                                  married in 1924 to Harold Grant Banford
Hugh "Allen"  McAllister  ( 1894 1989 )    2601874  /  2015398
                        in 1923 he married Emma Mae Anderson
Annie Wilhelmina McAllister ( 1896 2002 )
Marguerite "Ruth"  McAllister "Drew-Brook"  ( 1898 ? )
                                             married in 1922 to  Lawrence Drew Drew-Brook
His signature, found on a land subdivision map of 1909
An excerpt of the 1909 map, notice the creeks; the creek on the right was known as the East Coquitlam River, and today’s Donald Street follows it’s old, now dry course.
Google Earth image of a portion of downtown Port Coquitlam.

See also this 1959 Legal survey map, which has McAllister Avenue at the top, and shows more of the southerly portion of the old course of the East Coquitlam River.

Wednesday, May 6, 2015

Coquitlam Military Hospital

        For 40 days in the fall of 1918, Port Coquitlam hosted a hastily built military hospital on the Agricultural “Aggie” Park grounds, the army erected a tent city, and used the existing buildings in an attempt to halt the spread of  Spanish Influenza, by quarantining suspected cases there.  Sadly thirty-four people lost their lives  while the hospital was in existence. 

       This possibly explains why the commemorative cenotaph was at one time located in this park, even though none of the dead that died in this event are commemorated upon it, nor upon the local Honour Rolls. Although I am sure that many of the people who paid into the fund to create the cenotaph knew the story.
ca. 1949-1954. Frank Goodship fonds  IHP9267-0761

       The cenotaph was located here from 1923 until 1968 when for some unknown reason it was moved to its present location beside City hall.
Note that the date on this photograph does not agree
with the reported year of the cenotaph being erected 1923.

 Cenotaph beng rebuilt at City Hall

Chronology of Events
October 1   First report of flu on troop train.

2   Troop train of the Siberian Expeditionary Force, (S.E.F.; more detailed history) placed under quarantine in the C.P.R. yards.  Temporary hospital being built.

3   Coquitlam Military Hospital opens for business

7   Quarantine now also in effect in New Westminster.

10   First to die was, George Augustus Johns, Canadian Army Service Corps,(C.A.S.C.) Siberian Expeditionary Force,(S.E.F.)
                 1891 — October 10,1918    514729
12   William Bradley, C.A.S.C., S.E.F.
                  1891 — October 12, 1918   2688553

The Coquitlam Times:

Spanish Influenza 

        Although it was true when Dr. Sutherland reported to the City Council on Wednesday night that there had been no fatalities among the military patients suffering from the prevailing epidemic called Spanish influenza, unhappily it is no longer so. Private Johns succumbed to the disease on Thursday and was interred in Westminster.

       There seems to be a lot of puerile secrecy or a perverted conspiracy of silence in regard to the epidemic that can serve no good purpose. It is well that the public should at all times know the true state of affairs in regard to such matters.

There are at present about 160 cases in camp, but the hospital authorities’ state that they are doing reasonably well.

       In respect to the civilian population of the city, Dr. Sutherland in an interview with a Times representative, authorizes the following for publication:
From reports received from various sources Spanish Ia grippe is nothing more than a severe form of the old Russian Ia grippe. Its rapid spread and severity may be due to the ill-nourished condition of the people in the European states and to the fact of the people congregating more at the present time. No chances of infection should be taken. Avoid travelling in closely confined carriages. All living rooms should be clean and well ventilated. Plenty of open air exercise with scrupulous care of mouth and throat are necessary. The people of Coquitlam, living in sanitary houses and surrounded by large open areas, are exceptionally favorably situated.

Take no chances of infection and keep on with your work. 

Should the medical health officer here deem fit he can wire to the Provincial Board of Health requesting it to pass an Order-in-Council making the regulations applicable to Port Coquitlam That would mean power to close all public places of assembly, including schools, churches, classes, theatres, poolrooms, auction sales, trades union and society meetings, social clubs or dances. So far this has not been necessary.

Agricultural Hall Matters

       The agreement verbally negotiated with the military authorities in regard to the taking over of the Agricultural hall and grounds by the military officials came under review, over the eviction of Charles Smith from house and home. Mr. Smith had to get a house at four hours notice, and the question who was to pay the rent, which did not enter into the conference with the military men, was discussed.
      The city had agreed to give the hall and grounds for the hospital camp at 75 a month. The consensus of opinion was that he military should pay Mr. Smith’s rent. As regards Mr. Smith’s duties as janitor of the hall, it is uncertain when he will resume them, owing to the uncertainty of the soldiers’ stay in the city.
It was finally resolved to bill the military authorities with Mr. Smith’s rent and accessories.

City Health Board and Military Doctors Confer on Necessary Precautions to Prevent Spread.
On Saturday night the City Council, as a board of health, and Dr. Sutherland, city medical officer, met Col. Doherty and Major Morton and other military officers, and considered the health situation of the city as effected by the establishment of a military hospital within its confines.

         The commandeering of the Agricultural hall and grounds had been effected by the military men during the day. The subjects discussed were among others the renting of the grounds, the care of the invalids, quarantine of the uninfected soldiery, the sanitary arrangements and supply of water of the temporary hospital. The military medical men expressed the opinion that it was an indoor disease and unlikely to be contacted out of doors even at the distance of five feet. It was agreed that a strict quarantine should be enforced upon the soldiers, and the side walk next the fence of the Agricultural grounds should be closed and it was left to the military authorities to see this order carried into execution. No definite information is available at present as to how long the hospital will be stationed here.

13    Charles Bernard Kirk, 2nd Depot Battalion
                1882 — October 13, 1918      2140913
Harold Dickens McCann, driver 85th Battery, S.E.F.
                    1897 — October 13, 1918      334765
John Alexander Wood 85th Battery, S.E.F.
                           1890? — October 15, 1918     3034807
14   Brooks Wilson 69th Battery, Canadian Field Artillery
                           1898 — October 14, 1918      340590

15   Bruno Costa 11th Battalion, Canadian Garrison Regiment
                            1886 — October 15, 1918      2024550
Thomas Richard Davies, A/Corp.11th Engineer Depot
                                 1871 — October 15, 1918      2735024 / 2735025

16   Albert Edward Candler 2nd Depot Battalion, British Columbia Regiment,(B.C.R.)     1892 — October 16, 1918        2138793
Alvin J Forler, gunner 85th Battery, S.E.F.
                      1896 — October 16, 1918      3132784

18   William Edward Finn 11th Battalion, Canadian Garrison Regiment
                       1895 — October 18, 1918    2024356
James Robert McBain, L./Corp 11th Battalion, Canadian Garrison Regiment,(C.G.R.)      1888 — October 18, 1918    2021272
Frederick Edward MacMillan, 172nd Battalion, British Columbia Regiment
                      1890 — October 18, 1918     688183
George Frederick Kennedy R.N.W.M.P., S.E.F.
                 1884 — October 18, 1918     2772525   George Kennedy was attached to the S.E.F. as a policeman, read more of his story

19   Elie Felix Joyal 11th Battalion, Canadian Garrison Regiment,(C.G.R.)
                   1887 — October 19, 1918   2140278

 The Coquitlam Times:
The number of patient’s under treatment in the military hospital here 141 and they are progressing favorably. Up to date there have been eleven deaths among the soldiers, one having occurred yesterday.

20   Edward Graham Boaden, 11th Casualty Unit, District Depot
                   1891 — October 20 1918    430730
Chris Johnson 1886 — October 20, 1918   he is buried at Mountain View cemetery, Vancouver, B.C.  Johnson was a Group One defaulter, who was a prisoner brought down from Prince Rupert; it appears that he had not signed his attestation papers; so in turn he is not commemorated at all.

21   Walter Edmond Eglington, 1st Depot Battalion
               1879 — October 21, 1918     2015444
   18 more soldiers to the Coquitlam hospital.

22    Joseph Evans, formerly 172nd Battalion, prior to his death he was a Railway Service Guard, 11th Battalion, Canadian Garrison Regiment, (C.G.R.)
         1862 — October 22, 1918    667 / 687244
Joel Frederick Haas, Army Medical Corps Training Depot,(A.M.C.T.D.)
            1897 — October 22, 1918    2139710
Roderick McKenzie, 11th Battalion, Canadian Garrison Regiment,(C.G.R.)
                  1881 — October 22, 1918    2015349
Ernest William Reukauf   1888  — October 22, 1918
       Ernest was also a Group One defaulter, who lived at Prince Rupert, and was probably also a prisoner; also misspelt as Ernest William Renkauf
23   William Delsell, Ammunition Column, S.E.F.
                  1888 — October 23, 1918    334776
 Edward Blair Hughes, 1st Depot Battalion
                   1896 — October 23, 1918    2015426
George MacKay , 11th Battalion, Canadian Garrison Regiment
                       1888 — October 23, 1918     2023958
25    Nick Tom, 11th Battalion, Canadian Garrison Regiment, (C.G.R.)
                        1896 — October 25, 1918    2015258

26    William Dale 1887 — October 26, 1918 buried at Mountain View cemetery, Vancouver, B.C.  William was also a prisoner and a draft defaulter from Atlin.
Allen Dale Smith, Sgt.  259th battalion
        1887  —  October 26, 1918    66287   Witness for nearly all of the death certificates was: Dr. Major Walter Stewart Baird  and the Brigade-Major arranged a bulk rate for all of the funerals with Murchie & Sons to cost $30 each.
Marjorie Beatrice Moberly, Canadian Army Medical Corps,(C.A.M.C.)
                      1895 — October 26, 1918
       The death occurred at the Coquitlam Military Hospital on Saturday of Nursing Sister Marjorie Beatrice Moberly, aged 23. She had applied for overseas' service eighteen months ago, but was not called on until the influenza outbreak, when she immediately went to Coquitlam. After a few days she contracted the disease. She was the first military nurse to die from the epidemic. She was the daughter of Major Moberly of the Board of Pension Commissioners. Marjorie was a recent graduate of the Royal Jubilee Hospital at Vernon, B.C.; she was given a military funeral. 

      Sadly she is not listed with the Commonwealth War Graves Commission nor does she have a military headstone although she is buried in a row of soldiers in a military section of the  Mountain View cemetery, Vancouver, B.C.

   A great injustice appears to have been done by not recognizing her ultimate sacrifice in the cause of helping the soldiers to regain their health.

Her obituary was briefly mentioned in an article in the Canadian Nurse 1918 issue
Some good coverage of the story at this blog
    And and ongoing researchers discussion at the C.E.F. Researchers forum
27   Roy Harris Wilson, sapper 11th Engineer Depot
                       1888 — October 27, 1918     2022597

28  John Maxel Bannon, 259th Battalion, S.E.F.
                     1890 — October 28, 1918     3236193

30   Edward Thomas Fry 259th Battalion, S.E.F.
                1890 — October 30, 1918      3033916
Summary:  845 Flu cases on the Mainland, 36 deaths so far.
Coquitlam Military Hospital had 396 flu cases; 83 others with pneumonia;  and 31(32) deaths.

4   Party of N.C.O.’s and  twelve men to  Port Coquitlam to repair drains and sewer in connection with the vacant building the Engineers had converted into a  Military hospital.

8   Toni Rosi  /  Antonio Rose, Canadian Army Medical Corps
                   1897 — November 8, 1918      2140657
404 soldiers and officers released from the Coquitlam quarantine, they retire to Vancouver to live under canvas at the Cambie Street camp.

11  Armistice signed, the war is over for some.

13  Tennison Hennis Cornwall, sapper Canadian Engineers
                         1891 — November 13, 1918    2024882
   Coquitlam Military Hospital was closed, the remaining patients were moved to the Fairmont section, of the Vancouver Military Hospital,( Shaughnessy Hospital ) 

15   Victoria:  The 15th Field Ambulance, arrived back in Victoria from the Coquitlam Military Hospital.
    And the reports then closed the short chapter of the Coquitlam Military Hospital by mentioning that the tents were returned from Coquitlam in bad condition, and that they need more tent menders.
 Aggie Hall in 1914    ( Port Coquitlam Museum )
“Aggie Hall” was officially opened on September 12th, 1912. Built by the local Agricultural Society and was a well-used community building for many years. Sadly under rather strange circumstances the local parliamentarians decided secretly to have the building torn down, which was done at night on the 13th of April 1976. 
  And we lost a historical well-loved building that had one more story to tell.
   undated, but appears to be 1970’s  ( Port Coquitlam Museum )
What the area looks like today on Google StreetView ( Aug 2011 ) where “Aggie” hall once stood.
Chester Street on the above map, was also previously known as
      Cypress Street on a 1937 plan.  ( 1977 plan )

 This appears to be taken during the war; men in uniforms on the right.
Ca.1914-1918.   Photo: Coquitlam Archives
85th Battalion - Canadian Siberian Expeditionary Forces West, 1918
A15655 photographer: Stuart Thomson. this photo is also found in the New Westminster Archives as: IHP1907  their description is more telling:
Canadian Siberian Expeditionary Forces in training in Queen's Park, New Westminster, B.C. The fisheries building (later Vagabond Playhouse/Bernie Legge Theatre) can be seen in the background. The Canadian Siberian Expeditionary troops were sent to secure logistics in post revolution/pre Communist Russia during WW1 to ensure safe trans-shipment of stockpiled supplies in Russian ports via the trans-Siberian rail road.
Note:  The railways played a large role in moving people and supplies to the Coast so that the expeditions could continue; since the Armistice had just been signed there was no need to send war supplies back east, so a huge backlog occurred in the C.P.R. yards in Port Coquitlam,  which was not cleared up until late in 1919.

More detailed references and study of this part of our history:
Epidemic and Public Health: Influenza in Vancouver, 1918-1919
Margaret W. Andrews

Spanish Influenza in the City of Vancouver, British Columbia, 1918-1919
Buchanan, Sarah

The horror at home: The Canadian military and the 'great' influenza pandemic of 1918.  Humphries, Mark Osborne (2005).
Numerous nice images of the Siberian Expeditionary Force can be viewed  at the Vancouver Archives  using the search terms : Siberia  and Siberian

    The Spanish influenza did not take long to reach Essondale Hospital, only a short delay of eight days before it claimed its first victim there.

Stuartson Upjohn  1868 — October 18, 1918 
Mike Barovich       1878  — October 27, 1918 
Joseph Young           1871  — October 31, 1918 
Hobson Edwards        1898  — November 2, 1918
Carlo Cazioli                1890 — November 6, 1918
Richard Gilbert               1861 — November 6, 1918  
John William Dickenson   1891   — November 8, 1918 
George Shand                    1895  — November 9, 1918 
William Edmund Maturin  1880   — November 10, 1918 

There were 54 deaths at Essondale in 1918; 23 of which occurred from October to December, nine of those 23 died of influenza and are listed above.

   Thirty-one more souls to add to my ongoing Lest WE Forget blog, about those who served their country in WWI, locally.

          I knew some of this story, but always assumed that the hospital was based at Essondale somewhere.  So from what others have researched before me, and myself, Port Coquitlam has the dubious distinction of being where the Spanish  Influenza started to take its toll in the Lower Mainland, all because of the Army moving its soldiers across the country to fight a war in Russia.

          It is strongly believed that the Flu actually did NOT come here via Canadian soldiers coming back home from Europe, But from American’s who signed up to fight in the Siberian Expeditionary Force, and they in turn spread it along the many paths that they were taken along, in the Canadian Army bureaucrats quest to get over to Siberia in a hurry; and their not fully understanding the implications of not forcefully exerting a proper quarantine on their soldiers.

The flu killed quickly usually in 5-10 days, it reached its height in October-November and then subsided for a while then peaked again in January 1919.

           There should be a memorial of some type to remember what happened
    at this park in the Winter of 1918. 

Roughly 50,000 people in Canada died from influenza; and thirty-four souls in a Port Coquitlam park, are part of that number.